Addiction Medicine

Addiction Medicine

Addiction is a medical disease and it can progressively get worse until it is too late. The medical view of addiction is that it is an acquired disease and no different than high blood pressure or diabetes. Like any other medical disease, addiction can be mild, moderate and sever. For those people unable to correct the problem on their own, professional treatment can help. Treatment of addiction revolves around both medication and counseling. For the treatment of drug addiction, it is essential to address the medical needs first. When getting clients to detox and feeling better, there is higher likelihood of them participating in recovery and they get a lot more out of treatment. So, by fixing the neurochemistry first or addressing the chemical imbalance of the brain, clients can get amazing results.

One increasingly used medication for the treatment of drug addiction is called Buprenorphine. This medication when used, can lead to the complete relief of withdrawal symptoms within hours, can take away persistent thoughts of getting or using drugs called cravings and just within a few days have a person who has been suffering for years feeling normal. The duration of treatment with Buprenorphine is variable and best result with this medication comes about when it is used in combination with either 12-step, group therapy and/or individual counseling.

There are several FDA approved medication for treatment of alcoholism, opiate/heroin dependency, stimulant addiction, and smoke cessation. Some of these medications are listed here:

Medications to treat of alcohol addiction:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol).
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)

Medications to use heroin and opiate addiction:

  • Methadone
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Naltrexone

There are several different FDA approved replacement therapy and oral medication which can be used to treatment tobacco addiction. Here is the list:
These nicotine replacement products are available by prescription:

  • Nicotine nasal spray (Nicotrol NS)
  • Nicotine inhaler (Nicotrol)

Non-nicotine medications
Medications that don’t contain nicotine and are available by prescription include:

  • Bupropion (Zyban).
  • Varenicline (Chantix)
  • Nortriptyline (Pamelor)

There are medications available to treat stimulants (such as methamphetamine and cocaine) abuse. Here is the list:
For Reducing Meth Use:

  • Buproprion
  • Modafinil
  • Naltrexone
  • Mirtazapine
  • Topiramate

For Reducing Meth Cravings:
A range of medications have been tested for reducing meth cravings, many of which showed no success in reducing meth cravings. Some of the medications that have shown more promise, however, include:

  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Rivastigmine
  • Buproprion
  • Nicotine
  • Naltrexone