BIPOLAR DISORDER

Bipolar disorder Treatment

Bipolar disorder once known as manic-depressive disorder is a mental illness that around 6 million Americans suffer from. Bipolar disorder is a sever mood disorder characterized by extreme swing of mood between high and elated mood state and becoming very depressed. Bipolar disorder is a sever mood disorder that causes unusual shift in mood, energy and ability to function. The dramatic mood swings of bipolar disorder are different from usual ups and downs. These mood swings shift from periods of frantic activities or manic moods which may include excessive spending, promiscuity and little sleep to hopeless, depressive mood characterized excessive sleep, lasting sadness, and lack of interest in life. BP disorder develops in late adolescence and early adulthood. The precise mechanism that causes bipolar disorder is not entirely understood but likely include both genetic and environment. The disorder tends to run in families but even when one identical twin has BP disorder, the other has it just 50% of the time which indicates that genetics are not the sole cause of the disorder.

There are two types of Bipolar: Bipolar I and Biplor II. The primary distinction between BP I and BP II is the severity and duration of the manic episode. Patients with Bipolar I has Manic Episodes, while someone with Bipolar II Has Hypomanic Episodes. Full mania has to last at least (7 days) v. hypomania which has to last at least 4 days and once a person experiences a full manic episode, they will receive a BP I diagnosis.

In the hypomania of bipolar II, the person experiences continued mood that is elevated (heightened), expansive (grand, superior) or irritable. This mood has to be noticeably different from his or her normal mood when not depressed. In mania, that mood is extremely abnormal, and is also combined with increased activity or energy that is also unusual. Mania may include psychotic symptoms such as delusion and hallucinations, which can cause sever impairment in social functioning and daily activities.

Mania alternates with depression. The symptoms of depression include feelings of hopelessness, fatigue and loss of interest in activities, loss of appetite or excessive eating, and thoughts of suicide. Mania may alternate with depression in rapid cycles, or there may be periods of mood stability in between. The frequency with which the manic and depressive phases occur varies widely between individuals, but most suffer longer periods of depression than mania.

Bipolar disorder is often treated with medication, but psychotherapy can also play a strong role in managing the illness. If you suffer from the disorder you can be taught to recognize the events that produce a mood disruption and how to “short-circuit” the process. You can be taught helpful stress-management and coping skills. You can learn to foster understanding in your personal relationships. Many people who suffer from bipolar disorder are able to control it very effectively and essentially drive it into remission.

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